Psalm 21

Overview

    This Psalm begins with praise for what God has done for David. God answered David’s requests, preserved his life, and gave David glory as king. David claims his trust in God and that it is because of his “love of the Most High he shall not be moved”.

The second half is praise for what God is going to do to destroy His enemies, those who plan evil against God, and that God is the strongest and we will all praise God’s power.

Characters

David—the Psalmist & king, the Lord, God’s enemies, us—Christians.

Key Verse

Verse 7 “For the king trusts in the Lord, and through the steadfast love of the Most High he shall not be moved.”

Cross References

Psalm 10:6 “He says in his heart, “I shall not be moved; throughout all generations I shall not meet adversity.”

Psalm 16:8 “I have set the Lord always before me; because he is at my right hand, I shall not be shaken.”

Conclusion

    I chose verse 7 as the key verse because this is what sets apart the righteous from the unrighteous. We are all sinners in need of a Savior, the dividing line is our love of the Most High. We must accept that we need Him. Throughout the stories of kings in the Bible, those who are faithful to God enjoy peace and prosperity, while their sin drives war and terrible tragedy into their midst. We must trust in the Lord, follow through with what He tells us to do, and then we know we will not be moved.

Jesus in the Psalm

My commentary is beautifully worded for this Psalm, so it is mostly quotes from that source and verse references today.

“Psalms 20 and 21 form a pair: one a prayer and the other praise for the answer to the prayer…One mark of God’s people is that he delivers them when they call for help (20:9). Here is the record of God’s answer to the prayer of Psalm 20. However, it is not merely an answer regarding individual protection from the occasional struggles of life. God’s answer to the “request of [David’s] lips” ultimately provided eternal salvation for the nation according to the larger “plans” of the Davidic covenant (20:4; 2:8; 2 Sam. 7:14; Acts 2:33).”*

Psalm 20:4, 9 “May he grant you your heart’s desire and fulfill all your plans!…O Lord, save the king! May he answer us when we call.”

Psalm 2:8 “Ask of me, and I will make the nations your heritage, and the ends of the earth your possession.”

2 Samuel 7:13-14a “He shall build a houe for my name, and I will establish the throne of his kingdom forever. I will be to him a father, and he shall be to me a son…”

Acts 2:33 “Being therefore exalted at the right hand of God, and having received from the Father the promise of the Holy Spirit, he has poured out this that you yourselves are seeing and hearing.”

“As the full significance of this psalm is seen in light of Christ’s ministry fulfilling David’s plans, we understand that, having saved his people from their sins by Christ’s sacrifice, God raised him and granted him eternal life (Ps. 21:4; Rom. 4:23-25). As the risen victor over death, Christ earned authority to convey all the blessings he earned to his people whom he saves (Ps. 21:5-8; Acts 13:34). His “crown of fine gold” signifies his power to defeat all the enemies of his church (Ps. 21:3, 9-12; Rev. 14:14). Because Christ submitted himself to God’s will through his sufficient sacrifice, God enforces his authority to bring all of his enemies into submission (Ps. 21:7; Heb. 10:12-13).”*

Romans 4:23-25 “But the words “it was counted to him” were not written for his sake alone, but for ours also. It will be counted to us who believe in him who raised from the dead Jesus our Lord, who was delivered up for our trespasses and raised for our justification.”

Acts 13:34 “And as for the fact that he raised him from the dead, no more to return to corruption, he has spoken in this way, “I will give you the holy and sure blessings of David.'”

Revelation 14:14 “Then I looked, and behold, a white cloud, and seated on the cloud one like a son of man, with a golden crown on his head, and a sharp sickle in his hand.”

Hebrews 10:12-13 “But when Christ had offered for all time a single sacrifice for sins, he sat down at the right hand of God, waiting from that time until his enemies should be made a footstool for his feet.”

“David trains believers to pray for more than just everyday nuisances. We must also pray “your kingdom come, your will be done” (Matt. 6:10), and this psalm assures us that these things will happen.”*

Matthew 6:10 “Your kingdom come, your will be done, on earth as it is in heaven.”

Tomorrow: Psalm 22

*Note: I am using the ESV Gospel Transformation Bible for the Jesus in the Psalm section, so these are paraphrases and quotes from the commentary with my own ideas sprinkled in.

Thank you for reading. I am excited to hear your key verses, observations, and thoughts! Please leave a comment to share them with us.

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