Romans 2

Overview

Paul is exhorting the Romans that they cannot judge the sins of others when they themselves are committing the same sins. The law does not give excuse for people because with or without it, all men have a conscience, a law written on their hearts, a deep understanding of what is good and right. Therefore, all will be judged, including those who are circumcised. The law must also be followed. We cannot simply wear the law, call ourselves Jews, etc. we must follow it, repent of sins, boast only in God, know his will and follow him. But if you use this knowledge to judge others, to lord your teaching over others, then you are in the wrong.

There is a paradox at play here in that their judgment is acknowledging the righteousness of God, that there are wrongs. But they are not applying this same judgment to themselves, recognizing their own depravity and running to God in repentance. As we read in Psalm 7, we are to come to God in repentance even if we don’t know that we did anything wrong, committing ourselves to him. How much more should we repent when we are calling people out on sins we are also committing?

Characters

Paul, those in Rome who are loved by God and called to be saints, all men who judge, God, Jew, Greek, all who have sinned without the law and under the law, hearers of the law, doers of the law, Christ Jesus, blind, those in darkness, children, foolish, circumcised, uncircumcised, the Spirit.

Key Verse

This is a hard chapter to choose from because so many of the main points are entire paragraphs of lists…It is hard to find just one verse.

Verse 4 “Or do you presume on the riches of his kindness and forbearance and patience, not knowing that God’s kindness is meant to lead you to repentance?”

Cross References

Romans 9:23 “in order to make known the riches of his glory for vessels of mercy, which he has prepared beforehand for glory—”

Romans 10:12 “For there is no distinction between Jew and Greek; for the same Lord is Lord of all, bestowing his riches on all who call on him.”

Romans 3:25 “whom God put forward as a propitiation by his blood, to be received by faith. This was to show God’s righteousness, because in his divine forbearance he has passed over former sins.”

Romans 9:22 “What if God, desiring to show his wrath and to make known his power, has endured with much patience vessels of wrath prepared for destruction,”

Exodus 34:6 “The Lord passed before him and proclaimed, “The Lord, the Lord, a God merciful and gracious, slow to anger, and abounding in steadfast love and faithfulness,”

Isaiah 30:18 “Therefore the Lord waits to be gracious to you, and therefore he exalts himself to show mercy to you. For the Lord is a God of justice; blessed are all those who wait for him.”

2 Peter 3:9 “The Lord is not slow to fulfill his promise as some count slowness, but is patient toward you, not wishing that any should perish, but that all should reach repentance.”

2 Peter 3:15 “And count the patience of our Lord as salvation, just as our beloved brother Paul also wrote to you according to the wisdom given him,”

Revelation 2:21 “I gave her time to repent, but she refuses to repent of her sexual immorality.”

Conclusion

We must repent and not judge. We have God’s law written upon our hearts. We must follow his will and turn to him with repentance to receive the blessings. We must call on him, “Father Help!”

Lord, religious hypocrisy has hurt the cause of Christ in this day. Please heal the wounds to those inside and outside the church caused by us within the church.

Tomorrow: Psalm 9

Thank you for reading. I am excited to hear your key verses, observations, and thoughts! Please leave a comment to share them with us.

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